Liberty Outside the State
In this conference we discussed the importance of “pre-state” or “extra-state” arguments by theorists, as well as the historical development of government in the pre-modern era, to determine how liberty might be best protected, based on the way humans naturally interact.
Buchanan, James M. and Gordon Tullock. The Selected Works of Gordon Tullock, Volume 2: The Calculus of Consent. Edited by Charles K. Rowley. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Inc., 2004.
de Jasay, Anthony. The State. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1998.
Demsetz, Harold. “Toward a Theory of Property Rights.” American Economic Review 57, no. 2 (1967): 347-359. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1821637 (accessed 7/9/09).
Gordon, Scott. “The Economic Theory of a Common Property Resource: The Fishery.” Journal of Political Economy 62, no. 2 (April 1954): 124-142.
Hobbes, Thomas. Leviathan. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1909.
Hume, David. Essays: Moral, Political, and Literary. Edited by Eugene F. Miller. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1985.
Lane, Rose Wilder. The Discovery of Freedom: Man’s Struggle Against Authority. New York: The John Day Company, 1943. http://mises.org/books/discovery.pdf (accessed June 4, 2013).
Locke, John. Two Treatises of Government. Edited by Thomas Hollis. London: A. Millar et al, 1764.
Martin, Paul. Wilderness and Political Ecology. Edited by Charles Kay and Randy Simmons. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2002.
Montesquieu, “The Spirit of the Laws” In The Complete Works of M. de Montesquieu, London: T. Evans, 1777. 1-504.
Nozick, Robert. Anarchy, State, and Utopia. New York: Basic Books, Inc., 1974.
Oppenheimer, Franz. The State. Translated by John M. Gitterman. New York: B. W. Huebsch, 1922. http://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/oppenheimer-the-state (accessed July 7, 2014).
Rawls, John. A Theory of Justice. Cambridge: The Belknap Press, 1971, 1999.
Rousseau, Jean Jacques. “A Discourse: What is the Origin of Inequality Among Men, and is it Authorised by Natural Law?  .” Constitution Society (Translated by G.D.H. Cole). http://www.constitution.org/jjr/ineq.htm (Accessed June 4, 2013).
Schmidtz, David. “Contracts and Public Goods.” Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy 10 (1987): 475-503.
Schmidtz, David. The Elements of Justice. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Schmidtz, David and Jason Brennan. A Brief History of Liberty. West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
Spinoza, Benedict de, “Chapter XVI: Of the foundations of a state; of the natural and civil rights of individuals; and of the rights of the sovereign power” In The Chief Works of Benedict de Spinoza, Volume 1 (Tractatus-Theologico-Politicus, Tractatus Politicus), London: George Bell and Sons, 1670. 200-213.
The Parallel Bible [The Holy Bible containing the Old and New Testaments translated out of the Original Tongues: being the Authorised Version arranged in parallel columns with the Revised Version]. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1885.